|EDU 313 - Research Methods|
UNIVERSITY OF MALAWI - THE POLYTECHNIC
DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS
1. Programme :Bachelor of Science-Mathematical Sciences
2. Course Code :EDU-314
3. Course Title :Research Methods
4. Year :Three
5. Semester :One
6. Presented to :Faculty of Applied Sciences/Senate
7. Presented By :Mathematics and Statistics Dept./Applied Sciences
8. Number of Lectures/week :Two
9. Number of Tutorials/Seminars :None
10. Method of Assessment :40% - Continuous Assessment - 60% Final examination
11. AIM OF THE COURSE:
The course is intended to introduce students to scientific research techniques in general and education in particular.
By the end of the course students should be able to:
¨ Distinguish between deductive and inductive reasoning.
¨ Formulate hypotheses
¨ Describe different types of educational research
¨ Develop data collection instruments
¨ Design and conduct small scale research project
¨ Distinguish between internal and external validity
¨ Analyse data using appropriate statistical techniques
¨ Write a research report
13. TOPICS OF STUDY
a) Meaning of research
- What is research?
- Characteristics of research and purpose
- Types of research: fundamental/pure research, action research and applied research
- Place of research in education: historical, descriptive and experimental research
b) Selecting/choosing research problem
- Defining a research problem
- Research hypothesis
- Hypothesis testing
c) Planning and designing research
- Ethical and legal considerations
- Research design: quantitative and qualitative
- Sampling techniques
d) Literature review and evaluation of research reports
- Source of information
- Purpose of literature review
- Conducting literature review
- Evaluation of research report
e) Methods and tools for data collection
- Questionnaire, interviews, tests, check lists and rating scales
f) Statistical techniques and data analysis
g) Research report writing
14. PRESCRIBED TEXT BOOK:
Borg, W.R. and Gall, M.D. (1989) Educational Research: An Introduction: New York, Longman
15. RECOMMENDED BOOKS:
Cohen, L. and Manion, L. (1984) Methods of Educational Research. Chicago, R and McNally and Company.
Glass, G.V. and Hopkins K.D. (1984) Statistical Methods in Education and Psychology. Englewood Cliff: Prentice-Hall Inc.
Glesne, C. and Pestikin, A. (1992) Becoming Qualitative Researcher: An Introduction. New York. Hold Rinehart and Winston.
Hammersley, M. (1993) Educational Research Current Issues. London. Paul Chapman Publishing Company.
Hopkins,C.D. (1980) Understanding Educational Research. Columbus, Charles E. Merrill Publishing Company.
Kerlinger, F.N. (1973) Foundations of Behavioural Research. New York. Holt Rinehard and Winston.
McGuigan, F.G. (1983) Experimental Psychology: Methods of Research. Englewood Cliffs Prentice Hall, Inc.
McMillan, J.H. and Schumacker, S. (1993) Research in Education: A Conceptual Intriduction.
Moore, G.W. (1983) Developing and Evaluating Educational Research. Colorado, Harper Collins Publications.
Ott, R.L. Larson, R. Rexroat & Mendenhall, W. (1992) Statistics: A tool for the Social Sciences. Boston, PWS – Kent Publishing Company.
Sudman, S. and Bradburn, N.M. (1983) Asking Questions: A Practical Guide to Questionnaire Design. San Francisco,, Jossey-Brass Publishers.Witte, R.S. (1985) Statistics. New York, CBC College Publishing.